Literature - Part 4
Othello is introduced to us by the author as the greatest army general in Venice. He is courageous, intelligent and honorable. Nevertheless, his nickname makes us think of him as of an uncultured, crude and coarse creature. In fact, the only problem is that, because he was born in Muslim region, he has got black skin. For this reason his marriage to beautiful Desdemona, the daughter of a prominent Venetian, provokes racial slurs against him.
Much Ado About Nothing is a comedy by William Shakespeare,which has remained popular among the readers, actors, directors and theater-goers for more than four centuries. So, what is it that makes it so distinguished?
Measure for Measure is one of the most unusual plays of Shakespeare. It was originally considered to be a comedy. However, the text is so cynical and gloomy that it is often referred to as a problem play or a “black comedy”.
Macbeth is considered to be one of the most unusual and mysterious tragedies of Shakespeare. Being one of the very few plays, which was never performed while Shakespeare was alive, and the shortest of his plays, it is notorious among actors as the most unlucky theatrical works. Another peculiarity of Macbeth is that it focuses on the theme of the evil, but with a peculiar difference.
King Lear is one of the world’s most brilliant insights into the weaknesses of a human being. The main theme of Shakespeare’s tragedy is the corruption of the human soul by the unlimited power and authority and self-destruction, which results from it.
Creative heritage of William Shakespeare in the sphere of theatrical plays can be roughly divided into three main genres, each of which correlate to a certain period of his development as a writer, namely: early historical dramas, comedies and tragedies. One of the most vivid examples of his early works is “King John”.
Julius Caesar is one of several plays that William Shakespeare wrote using true events of the Roman history as a basis. Thematically it focuses on the conspiracy against Julius Caesar in 44 BC and his assassination, but its idea elaborates the issues of betrayal and the conflict of friendship and civil duty.
The story of Hamlet, a prince whose father was killed by his uncle and then called upon his son to avenge on him, was known to the reader long before William Shakespeare used to create his best-known tragedy. However, he was definitely the author who managed to shift the key attention of the audience from the tragedy of circumstances to the tragedy of true human feelings. But what makes Hamlet a truly tragic character?
As You Like It is a play by William Shakespeare, which belongs to once popular genre of a pastoral comedy and was based upon a prose romance Rosalynde by Thomas Lodge. The plot describes the adventures of main heroine Rosalind, who, being oppressed by her uncle, tries to find safety in the Forest of Arden, but eventually finds love.
The story of Antony and Cleopatra and their fatal love gained massive popularity in the Renaissance period and was used for both theatrical plays and poems. Most of them exploited the plot described in Plutarch’s Life of Marcus Antonius. And William Shakespeare is not an exception here. However, having taken the same story line, he managed to create a play full of vivid characters. One of them is Cleopatra, who is considered to be one of the most complex female characters in Shakespearean plays.