Society & Family - Part 15
The discovery of the nuclear energy in the twentieth century is one of the most ambiguous scientific achievements in the history of mankind. It is strongly associated both with some of the most horrific world tragedies and the most interesting technological ideas. So, what is more important when considering the issue of atomic energy, its benefits or its dangers?
Driving a private car to work is expensive and stressful, contributes to air pollution and wealth of insurance companies. Yet, despite the exhaust fumes causing the choking smog in my city and three hours spent each day in traffic jams, I still drive. Why? The answer is simple: public transport simply does not make a good alternative. However, several simple improvements can change the situation for better in many aspects.
Five years ago I decided to get my driving license: I enrolled on a course at a driving school, spent two months learning the traffic rules and a month driving, passed my driving test and… in less than a month got into a car accident. It was not exactly my fault, but I was definitely not experienced enough to maneuver successfully in a busy rush hour traffic. Could this accident have been prevented? For sure.
Our century is called the age of information. Nowadays you can hardly imagine one being able to live a single day without watching TV or reading a newspaper in order to find out the latest news. But how are the “hottest” news items selected and presented for us as something worth paying attention to? Editors’ numerous concerns can be confined to three key factors.
Traditionally, most societies considered a man as a breadwinner responsible for the material well-being of his family, whereas a woman performed the role of a hearth keeper in charge of the children and home. However, the situation have changed considerably in the last several decades: men now participate more actively in the upbringing process starting from being present at child’s birth and finishing with some babysitting if their wives choose to pursue a career. However, many people still believe that women are better at parenting than men.
Since the dawn of civilization, men have been responsible for hunting and providing food to their families. Women had to look after the needs of the family and raise the kids. This has been the norm for several millennia until the world wars. During the First and the Second World Wars, when the men went away to fight, the factories and business establishments hired women to replace them in large numbers. Since families also needed money to sustain themselves during the wars, huge numbers of women went to work in factories and offices. A number of armament factories also needed women to work in their assembly lines to manufacture the guns, bombs, tanks and airplanes used in the war.
Until the First World War, the kinds of weapons used in battles had limited potential to destroy life and property on a large scale. But with the invention of the nuclear bomb, the scenario changed drastically. The whole world was stunned by the devastation that two solitary bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki could create. No other manmade device could unleash the amount of damage as the nuclear bomb. Although the United States could put an end to the Second World War with these bombs, it opened up the world to a new set of intriguing and frightening possibilities.
Nowadays people from all over the world are suffering from the air pollution. One of the reasons of such situation is the constantly increasing car usage. Are we able to do something in order to encourage people not to use private cars or to use them less? To be honest, there are only several things we can do. Among them is propaganda of the risks caused by the private cars usage. We can provide people with the main benefits they can get by using public transport and make the transportation prices more affordable.
Nowadays nobody is surprised to see the people who instead of hurrying to the office simply switch on their computers and carry out their boss’s errands at home. As this phenomenon is here to stay, let us try to envisage its effects on our society in the long run.
Very often the mature age of a person is given a poetic name of the autumn of life. It is the time when you can finally stop a bit and enjoy the results of your professional, personal and spiritual development. It is the period when the dynamic and bubbling energy of action and creation is more and more often giving place to static and calm observing and reflecting. Physically such an emotional state of a person is usually achieved at the age of 60-65 years.