One of the least certain elements of the nature is a plant. What are the effects of the human intervention in the vegetation of the particular areas? How can the humanity reduce negative impact on nature, not affecting the technological progress? These questions are widely discussed in scientific literature and practical studies performed in biological field.
There are no recent researches, however, done specifically to analyse the affect of global warming on the vegetation of the radical regions of Brazil. It was decided to focus on the Pantanal region and evaluate the affect of the recent climate changes on the production of beef and soy that are the main products of the region.
Our primary research question is formulated as follows: What are the effects of the recent climate changes on the meat and soy production in the region?
Based on the nature of the questions and taking into consideration the fact that a lot of studies have analysed the changes, one of the main research methodologies is observational analysis and literature review.
After examination of previous works and analysis of the region, made by the scientists on the vegetation of Pantanal region in Brazil, we have compared the observations with our latest findings to identify the difference and shift in the trends.
The research showed the following findings:
- During the last three years dry and rain seasons in the region experienced radical temperatures.
- Temperature reached record level for the last twenty years in the January 2010.
- Regional export of meat reduced by 12% during the last two years due to the climate changes.
- Soy production is reducing by 8% on annual basis as a result of the extreme temperatures during dry season.
The objective of the research paper is to raise the concern on the human intervention in the nature climate processes and possible consequences in the nearest future.