The Meaning of Leadership
Leadership is an ability to lead people in order to achieve specific goals. This is a managerial relationship between the leader and his or her followers based on an effective combination of different sources of power for the specific situation. As a rule leadership is aimed at encouraging people to achieve common goals.
The necessary requirement of leadership is the possession of power in certain formal or informal organizations of different levels and scale. These organizations may range from the state and groups of countries to government agencies, local governments, national or social movements and groups.
Formalized leader’s power is traditionally fixed by law. But in all cases the leader possesses social, psychological and emotional support in the community or in groups of people who follow him or her.
There is formal and informal leadership. In the first case the subordinates are influenced from the certain position. The process of influencing people through personal abilities, skills and other resources is called informal leadership.
It is believed that the ideal leadership combines two bases of power: personal and organizational.
Leadership aims at achieving organizational effectiveness. On the one hand, leadership is considered to be a particular set of qualities attributed to those who successfully influence the others. On the other hand, this is a process of no-force achieving goals by certain groups or organizations.
Since ancient times the concept of effective leadership was traditionally defined on the basis leader’s qualities or samples of his or her behavior.
Anyway, leadership is a…