Use of internet has become a normal day to day activity in the world. So much information is derived from the internet since it seems to have almost all the news and information. This has made internet innovation a very important and recognized procedure globally since it has provided the world with so much information and entertainment thus making it easier and cheap for individuals to attain information. The Internet is not only used to search information and ideas, it has also been proved as a faster and efficient means of communication worldwide. People from one country to another are able to share information fast and clear thus bonding freely and this has enhanced the social and cultural interaction among different communities (Berkun, 2010).
Internet innovation is one of the most unique and recognized inventions globally. This is because it has eased the work of man both physically and psychologically. Organizations and Institutions have welcomed the innovation with open arms since it has enabled the enhancement of business and easier means of research and development (M. AMIGOT, 2009). Use of internet has been highly recommended in schools and other learning institutions since it has highly improved the spread of skills and knowledge among the students. Internet use has made the students carry out their home work in a more improvised and easier way, compared to the earlier days when they had to use only the text books which lacked some of the important information. Students have become brighter, interactive and willing to carry out their studies since to them, use of internet also gives them a moment of enjoyment (Schewick, 2010).
Sometime back, the internet was a vague network of bulky computers used only by a diminutive community of researchers. Earlier, most computer devices were found in information technology centers or laboratories used for research with no one ever thinking that the internet innovation will provide such significant position in our society as it does today. Earlier, a personal computer connected by one global network seemed absurd and not so real to so many of us (Gates, 2000).
In the earlier days, activities such as transactions, message delivery and so many operations were slow to carry out and one used a lot of time and energy. Currently, the world just went to a turn of events since people no longer function in a brick-and-mortar economy. Nowadays, jobs can be performed anytime, anywhere as long as one can go online, thanks to internet innovation. In this research, we will get to learn how internet innovation has led to creation of new job opportunities worldwide. Through this innovation, the world has realized how essential it is to continue developing an environment that is conducive in terms of creating and saving jobs through use of technology (Gates, 2000). So many organizations have been created and formed, in order to invest in internet technology which is currently benefitting businesses at a very high rate. According to an article written by the broad band investors, internet innovation has had a serious impact on the consumer welfare, economic output and job creation. Innovation of internet has become such a powerful and compelling technology due to its wide spread in academics as a result of government sponsorship in so many countries around the world (Bui, 2005). The innovation has also become an effective factor to the private sector due to advancement and commercialization not forgetting its unique contribution in exchange of information. With internet, there is reliable operation of events with centralized management (Gates, 2000).
History of Internet Innovation
The History of internet innovation starts from nineteen fifty’s with the invention of computers. This began with communication between main frame computers and terminals which later led to introduction of point- to- point links between computers then innovation of packet switching. Examples of packet switchers included:
- Mark 1
- Merit Network
These were discovered in late nineteen sixty’s and early seventy’s using a number of protocols. For example, the APRANET led to growth of protocols for internet working where different networks were joined to form one networks (People History, 2004).
The concept of a global network of fully joined TCP/IP networks known as the internet emerged in nineteen eighty two when there was standardization of Internet Protocol Suite. The computer science net work was introduced in 1981 by the National Science foundation which led to expansion of APRANET (VERDICK.ORG, 2011). It was again expanded in nineteen eighty six when the U.S got access to the Super Computer sites provided by the Research and Education Organizations. Internet started to be provided commercially in nineteen eighty’s and ninety’s. After decommission of NSFNET, internet was fully commercialized, doing away with all the restrictions on internet use to carry public service. Since 1990s the internet has created a radical effect on the commerce, culture and rise of immediate communication through instant messaging, phone calls, two way interactive video calls and electronic mail (Gates, 2000).
Process of Internet Popularity
The web transformed the internet into a worldwide trend since its introduction in nineteen eighty at European centre for Nuclear Research. According to Tim Berners Lee, internet was originally formed to share statistics on nuclear physics (Plunkett, 2006). Luckily, the webs popularity spread among the researchers, learners and other internet enthusiasts thus creating a new industry to generate software and materials for the web. This emerging and growing creativity made the web more convincing for the users which encouraged more organizations to use internet access, and encouraged more individuals and business sectors to get linked to the internet. Recently in nineteen ninety four, only about five hundred websites were found worldwide, currently, the internet has close to three billion websites thus showing how popular use of internet has spread. The growth is continuing, thanks to introduction of cheaper computers, higher internet speed and superior software (French, 1999).
The Governments in so many countries have created good environment to its citizens thus encouraging the easier spread in internet services, and also enabling companies to bring their products to consumers at a high speed. Over the past few years, governments have found it rewarding to pass policies that give rapid growth in infrastructure thus making it possible to expose internet benefit to so many other people. These include creating ways of using broadband technologies and resisting the urge to ratify new regulations (Cortese, 2007).
Impact/Effect of Internet Innovation.
New technology has led to amplification of human potential. Today; technology innovation has transformed the world society and economy through invention of telephone, electricity, airplane and automobile thus making the world easily accessible to everyone (Taumi, 2002). Internet innovation has brought the same revolution effect thus enabling businesses and individuals to conquer cultural, geographical, economical and logistical barriers. Below, we discuss some of the impacts brought about by internet innovation:
Through the internet innovation, the world appears so small. Innovation of internet has proved to be a widely used means of communication among people. Individuals can communicate and exchange information immediately and across very long distances thus enabling people to participate in the economy despite where they are located. Different social sites such as face book and twitter have been introduced and largely welcomed globally and all these are due to some of the advantages of internet innovation. People from miles away are able to share ideas, pictures and opinions, thus making the world as one. Relations among countries and cultures have been highly improved due to use of internet (Morrison, 2011).
Before the internet, it was a bit difficult and expensive for individuals to get into contact and keep in touch with the relatives and friends globally. Today, communicating with a friend in china has become as easy and cheaper as communicating with a friend in a neighboring town since individuals nowadays use internet as a quicker and easier means of communication. Thousands of people have shared interests and therefore exchange information through email, websites and instant messages. Also, people with disabilities are encouraged to use internet to communicate with each other in order to overcome fears that prevent them from leading normal productive lives.
Impact on the Business sector
Today, the internet has become the centre of attraction to businesses. Since its innovation, new industries have emerged, existing ones have been totally transformed and the internet has therefore become a worldwide cultural trend. Through internet innovation, amazing things have been seen and yet there is more to come. According to Bill Gates, the world is only at the first light of internet age. The internet has had an insightful impact on the way we live, learn and work.
The internet has made the world look so simple since it has broken down the logistical barriers, thus presenting superior flexibility and influence in ways of carrying out business. Innovation of internet has shrunk down the distance and time, cut down complex business activities, and has enabled more effective partnership and contact, for example, a firm which is located in isolated rural place has the world in its market position. In connection with advanced productivity software, through the internet, workers use their knowledge and time more efficiently and focus on more productive errands. This has enhanced greater competition in the market industry, since through internet innovation; customers have also acquired the ability to become smarter in their day to day shopping in order to find the best products and services and at right prices (Attala, 1996).
This has empowered them, since before, the larger companies were monopolies, but lately, smaller companies have adapted technology like their leaders, thus providing the customer with quality products at competitive prices round the world. In the 21st century, internet technology has become an economic force enabling instant commerce around the globe. Large companies currently, maintain easier connection with their employees, partners and suppliers whereas smaller companies can find and maintain customers globally. Lately, internet innovation has encouraged companies in hiring knowledge workers from any part of the world, thus expanding the employment opportunities mostly for the people in America. This has given the developing countries an opportunity to become powerful by providing information technology to so many countries in the world. The internet innovation has thus enabled some budding nations to skip the industrial revolution and head straight to internet age.
Common standards such as use of a common language has enabled internet innovation become a success. Since internet language is universal and easily understood, businesses can therefore create services and products that make use of the internet. This has led to technological competition since to thrive in the internet, every business has to make its products and services look more attractive than those of the competitor and it’s only a few mouse clicks away (SB-IRC, 2007).
Effects on Security and Privacy.
Currently, well improved police department in the world welcomed use of technology since it has encouraged easier means to track down criminals. This is a process widely used by the FBI and the private detectives not forgetting government departments. Use of internet has greatly improved security though somehow tampering with privacy.
Lately, people are relying on the internet in sharing confidential and receptive information with necessary parties in regards to their medical basis, financial status, buying behaviors and preferences and also personal habits though in some cases there is leakage of this personal information. In most cases, many use the internet in secret in order to safeguard such important information. Internet innovation has led to regular use of credit cards thus making it an easier way of payment though it is not as safe as before the introduction of internet. Due to internet, private industries and many government institutions currently use private attractive technologies since it has proved to be the best way protects privacy. Though according to Alderman and Caroline Kennedy, it is not yet proved that this method is fully efficient. However, shielding personal privacy has become a major hindrance which must be taken care of with immediate effect so as to keep the internet striving forward.
Impact on Education.
Internet innovation has rendered a great and important effect in the education sector. Since its innovation, education has become easier and more enjoyable thus giving students morale in doing their assignments and breaking the monotony of books. Since innovation of internet, research and development projects have become easier to carry out with more reliable references and legal sources (OPPAPERS.COM, 2008). Students have earned advanced skills and knowledge since they go ahead to research on given topics by the teacher, to an extent of giving their trainer added information on topics. This has also enhanced educational group work among students of different schools in projects such as science congress, group discussions on specific subjects and environmental clubs.
These are some of the activities that have been encouraged among students, and since each want to outdo the other, they end up carrying thorough research from various books and most of all research from the internet. In the world of today, better employment and business projects are believed to be achieved by people with high quality education and knowledge, therefore, colleges and universities have put the innovation of technology especially use of internet in research as a number one priority so as to give their students quality and competitive education results.
Education online is growing widely and fast to keep pace with the internet innovations. Currently, a prevalent shortage of highly competent online teachers has been predicted. However, students can take an advantage of the retired teachers who have had the talent on the technology sector.
Recognized and focused universities of every kind have introduced essential courses in the web by use of pedestrian sometimes. Colleges and universities that have slowly and technically adapted to the internet way of doing their old job in a new technique have well made it where gaudy business types and large private schools have not (Education Week, 2011).
Negative Impact of Internet Innovation
Innovation of internet as discussed earlier contains so many positive effects. But also, these are some of the negative effects that came with internet. There is great concern from teachers and psychologist in regards to internet impact on the cognitive physical and social growth of children. These effects are discussed below:
Impact on Cognitive Effect
Internet provides information with no rules and regulations. Since the information found in the internet is uncontrolled and has no means of checking dependability and referring, children face the results of searching information from the internet since they do not differentiate between what is real and what is not real and are not able to test truth in practical world. So many educational problems have erupted among kids in school as a result of exposure to the internet. According to Professor James Collins, students who are getting a hard time in writing classes are directly plagiarizing their study projects. In addition, the informality known as proper in email communication is being spread and used in formal writings especially in high school student’s essays. These threats are considered negative to both younger children and college students. Lately, in a recognized university in New York, a large number of students dropped out of school most of whom were freshmen newcomers and this was due to increased access of computers and internet. It was learned that forty three percent of those who drop out stay up in the internet the whole night (VERDICK.ORG, 2011).
Impact on Physical Development.
Coordination with observation and social relations on impacts of manipulation is one of the traits that are highly emphasized on little children during growth stages. Growth experiences are essential to the budding concepts such as the way of communication and cause and effect affairs. No evidence has been stated that fundamental treatment generates the similar personal action and rational skills that appear from physical exploitation (Afuah, 2007)
Internet innovation brought about easier and quicker means of acquiring a large amount of information. Earlier, most cultures prevented the early child to acquire too much information by simplifying communication and sequencing data. Due to the fact that some adults give too much negative information, it is likely to confuse the children with undeveloped physical and cognitive configuration.
Impact on Social Development
Internet can enrich small generation and their learning institutions thus acting as a source of innovative and intellectual effort with others. However, it has shown that if abused, internet can prevent children from carrying out the required social activities including chores, homework and sharing useful time with friends and family. Michael A. Weinstein of Purdue University stated that those people who spend so much time in the internet will lose the ability, patience and skills to practice social relations in the corporal world and that the internet will increase the negative impact that television has already introduced in the society. Through all these negative impacts claimed to be introduced by the use of internet services, the community is in fear of in appropriate behaviors such as bias, hate, violence, profanity and pornography. The internet provides children with an easy target to access information and it allows unwanted messages to finding their way to under aged kids.
Parents feel that more words should be spoken due to the extent at which the effect of pornography has evaded the child development. Pornographic can be described as a generally erotic depictions projected to aggravate a sexual urge. Pornography does exist in different forms such as pictures, films, comics and videos and all these are found freely in the internet (VERDICK.ORG, 2011). It is easy to understand how child pornography troubles the child and destroys the inspiration of his/her childhood. It is impossible to establish the number of children implicated in pornography since it is an illegal hidden industry. Another negative impact is congestion. Since there are so many people using the network, there is occurrence of clogging especially when network competence reduces and this normally reduces the rate of individuals who are using it.
Internet innovation also brought about increased piracy in the society. Currently; original stars for movies and music are complaining and filing suites of not selling their videos since the internet has provided them prior the original launches. This has encouraged people to copy them direct from the net, thus creating loss of interest after the original launch.
Opportunities and Challenges of Internet Innovation.
Due to introduction of new technology, changes in the way we live and work have been widely experienced. Then emerged the innovation of the internet which has greatly and widely raised a debate in regards to the effect in our society and has also raised great worry on how far it should be adopted. Different views have been directed towards the internet innovation whereby some view it with great optimism while others view it as a threat that is disrupting our daily normal lives. Let’s compare with the introduction of telephone’s; many people thought it will interfere with our society, break up communities, encourage selfishness and interfere with people’s privacy but others looked at it as a business opportunity that will bring people closer together (Park, 2004).
Innovation of internet has brought these same points of view back with us. Some of us view the internet as the mankind great invention that is worth being accessed by every printing press. We believe that the internet will do the following:
- Improve our political and economic power
- Bring improved communication among our people
- Enhance cultural and social interaction
- Encourage world peace.
At the other end, some believe that innovation of internet will result to cultural and economic abuse, lead to lack of privacy and lead to misuse of values and social standards especially by the young generation.
Some of these arguments may be proved right or not, but just as the innovation of electricity, telephone and airplane fashioned our world in the twentieth century, so has the innovation of internet shaped our early years in the twenty first century thus enhancing a positive effect in the way we work and live. But this has not changed the primary aspects of organizations and the environment since persons are still requiring their social trends, businesses still need to make profits and learners still need good teachers. However, today’s arguments on how much the world should adopt use of internet have raised serious matters that require addressing to make the use of the internet enormous potential.
Qualities of a good Internet Connection.
According to internet innovators, there are some qualities that one should carefully consider before purchasing the internet from the dealers. Some of the internet dealers give poor quality internet which is not reliable especially to big organizations and institutions (VERDICK.ORG, 2011). Below are five qualities to consider first before choosing the internet connection of your choice:
- Speed. An internet connection is referred to as broadband connection because of its speed. Many internet providers advertise on providing the best internet only to disappoint client’s later. Therefore, if the broadband provider you are using is not giving enough speed then there is no need in using it. It is advisable to an organization, institution or individual as well to know what speed you need in order to make sure that the broadband you are using can provide it (Jude 2010).
- Reliable. When comparing broadband service, reliability should be a quality that you need to compare with other service providers. A good and solid internet should always be available despite the weather or climate changes.
- Consistence. When internet became popular among students and researchers, they started looking for organizations that could provide consistent internet services due to their day to day research. Always consider a service that will be their especially when you need it the most and that is worth your money. Speed and consistence should always go along.
- Abundance. Always ensure that your ISP does not limit your internet access since the broadband internet is characterized by speed, thus making you regret why you chose that internet connection. Most broadband providers give unlimited access to the users (Jude, 2010).
- Cost. An organization, institution or individual should go for a broadband service that is affordable to them. The price charged for internet services is also a major factor when choosing a good and reliable broadband internet connection. If it is too expensive, then it should justify with its services (SB-IRC, 2007).
Changes to be made in Internet Innovation
Though the internet is termed as one of the best and important human development worldwide, there are other things that should be looked at or changed (Gates, 2000). Some of these include:
- Restrictions on the age for those using internet. It is not considered healthy for children.
- Improvement and enhancement on privacy.
Through this study, we realize that internet innovation has completely changed the way we live, work and learn. The importance of the internet has largely grown and will continue growing in years to come. Currently; most of the global communities are carrying out their businesses, receiving their means of entertainment and keeping in touch with each other through the internet. People nowadays work at home through the internet, people are using email instead of letters to stay in touch, businesses have invested millions in the internet, unlimited business opportunities have emerged and people’s way of communication has changed greatly. And despite all this, the internet seems to be still very young. In simple words, internet innovation has made life feel and look good despite the few shortcomings which still came with its innovations. As the saying goes, everything has its bad side so what matters most are if positive effects over rank the negative ones (Goldberg, 2006 ).
Internet innovation has made the world activities seem so easy; people have found it a business opportunity while others have found employment in it. Companies which had not adopted the service are now at it, not forgetting the number of employed old people who are going back to colleges in order to catch up with the new technology and avoid being put aside to welcome the younger tech-skilled individuals who are highly in demand in the business world. It is all so clear that internet innovation is a light to the world. It has made the world grow in an extravagant way thus helping also in the economic, cultural, social and political factors.
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